From November 2007 the Opwall Trust (Indonesia) has been funded by the Government of Indonesia’s (GOI) National Program for Community Empowerment in Rural Areas to introduce the scheme in SE Sualwesi. The $1 million funding was provided by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and is administered by the World Bank. This scheme is a pilot programme aimed at developing and integrating sustainable natural resources management strategies into all levels of regional government.
The pilot project in SE Sulawesi Province is implemented in three districts: Buton, Muna and Kolaka. Three sub-districts were selected for each district: Pasarwajo, Sampolawa and Mawasangka for Buton; Tongkuno, Lawa and Napabalano for Muna; and Ladongi, Baula and Watubangga for Kolaka.
Since the start of the programme the Opwall Trust (Indonesia) has achieved the following:
- Establishment of demonstration plots designed to inspire community members of environmentally-supportive activities to finance with block grants;
- Assistance in local nursery development to provide cost-effective inputs for community-led reforestation activities;
- Promotion of a broad range of appropriate RE technology to beneficiaries, including: Jantropa (bio-fuel), fuel-efficient cooking stove production, and small-scale bio-gas facilities;
- Rallying community/local government support for the revitalisation of ‘Village Conservation Zones’ in ecological fragile areas to preserve depleting natural resources;
- Formation of ‘NRM Practice Groups’ to provide training in environmentally-sound income generating activities: coconut-shell charcoal briquette production, crab fattening, orange grove maintenance, bee-keeping, seaweed farming, and nursery development;
- Support of local development plan (RPJM-Desa) preparation to ensure increased emphasis of NRM and RE issues; and
- Provision of technical capacity-building training to GOI-contracted consultants/facilitators and ‘green sub-project’ proposal development, verification, and implementation teams.
- Facilitation of monthly meetings with local government officials to keep stakeholders abreast of implementation status of ‘green sub-projects’ and to identify means to integrate activities with other local government initiatives;
The programme has been so successfully implemented by the Opwall Trust (Indonesia) that CIDA and the World Bank have agreed an extension of the project to October 2012.